IONWays Athena Alkaline Water Ionizer
Water Quality and Ionizers
Most people think water is just plain old H2O and is the same regardless of where it comes from, whether from a bottle, tap, or well. The truth is water quality varies widely throughout the US. The variation depends on many factors. There are two basic causes of variation:
  1. Natural environmental factors.
  2. Contaminants caused by man.
The majority of contaminants today are man-made, but in some cases we must deal with naturally occurring contaminants. A main influence on the type and concentration of contaminants is how close the water source is to population centers, industry, livestock, and/or agricultural operations, etc.
Natural changes in water quality are mainly due to the source of the water supply. Some examples of natural water sources are aquifers, rivers, lakes, and springs. Mainly supplied by natural run off of melting snow and rain, man-made changes are caused by contamination of reservoirs, drainage run-off, sewers, overuse of insecticides and pesticides, and chemicals, etc. These variations in the source water contribute to the difference in the mineral content as well. These variables cause water to have very different properties, such as taste and smell or to "behave" or perform differently around the house, especially in an ionizing unit.
In general terms we have "hard" or "soft" waters. Hard water has a high concentration of minerals. Soft water is low in mineral content.
The Scaling Effect of Hard and Soft Water
If you live in a hard water area you know it is more difficult to form lather with soap while bathing or performing ordinary household washing chores. Perhaps you have on occasion noticed mineral deposits on your cooking utensils and dishes, or rings of undissolved soap scum in your bathtub. These are signs of hard water.
Hard water is water that contains calcium, iron, or magnesium mineral ions. These minerals will vary from place to place depending on the source water. Hard water mineral deposits or scaling is what occurs naturally when minerals are present in water. Scale can decrease the life of toilets, hot water heaters, washing machines, dishwashers, etc. It will also clog water pipes which will eventually need to be replaced, and of course do the same thing to your ionizer.
Very soft water (which is often acidic) can erode the metal pipes in which it is carried and as a result the water may contain elevated levels of cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc.
Hard And Soft Water And Ionizer Performance
Hard water contains calcium, potassium, magnesium, etc. These minerals occur naturally in most water sources, they are called the "alkalizing minerals". It is important to note that all water found in nature, except pure clean rain water, has dissolved mineral content. Water without minerals is difficult to find.
An ionizer requires mineral content to operate; the minerals carry the electrical charge. The more mineral content your water has, the more easily your ionizer will alter the water, and you will experience better performance. The less mineral content, the harder it is for your ionizer to create ionization in your water, and you will experience a weaker performance from your machine.
Water that has no minerals such as distilled water, or water that has low minerals such as reverse osmosis, do not produce pathways for the electrolysis or "ionization" to occur. However, using the above mentioned water sources with a remineralization filter, gives you a pure, clean water source. This clean source, combined with a remineralizing filter, allows you to control which minerals you introduce to allow for the ionization. Our bodies need clean water, water free of bacteria, chemicals, drugs, and harmful minerals, to function properly.
It is not recommended to use an ionizer without pretreatment in areas with water that has the following measurements: hardness over 316ppm (18.5 grains); and/or TDS over 600ppm; and/or Calcium above 50ppm.
If HARDNESS AND TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) ARE HIGH, then a pretreatment system is recommended.
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